In this first entry we wanted to make a contribution of interesting information for all those artists who work customizing and painting our sculptures, giving advice on the use of colors during the painting process. Our general manager Cristina Iglesias, who has been recognized for her artistic quality in the discipline of painting, reveals a trick about the theory of color:
“The Oswald’s star”
This star will be from today on a great reference for all those people who did not know it. This star shows all the primary and secondary colors from which all the colors we know are born. To understand this star in a simple way, we will separate the colors into three blocks: Primary colors, secondary colors and complementary colors.
The three primary colors are magenta yellow and cyan. All the other colors we know come out of these three colors.
The addition of these three primary colors gives the color black. Since it is very difficult to mix these three colors manually in equal parts and in an exact way, when we make a mix of these three colors we do not get a pure black color, but a very dark gray or brown color instead. This is because the quantities of each color used have not been exactly the same.
The absence of these three primary colors (if we do not use any) is the color white.
The primary colors are always used to give some tone to the different areas of the body. For example the color red is used for the cheeks, the fins of the nose, the eyelids, the knees etc; the color yellow for the tip of the nose, the dark circles etc. And the color cyan is used for the rectus, the corners of the lips, the septum etc. We must always keep in mind that in no case should these colors be pure. They must be mixed with other colors instead.
The secondary colors are the mixture between two primaries. In the Oswald’s star, we find them between the primary colors, of which they are composed. (Example: the color green is composed of the colors blue and yellow and therefore, the Oswald's star is between these two primary colors).
When it comes to painting, this helps us to make different tones and shades. For example, if we want an orange color we know that we must mix the yellow and the magenta colors equally since the color orange is between these two primary colors. Therefore, it can be said that the color orange is the secondary color of the yellow and magenta ones. Also, if we want a more reddish orange color, we will have to add more magenta and less yellow.
With this pattern we can make all the colors that we want.
The complementary colors provide us with great solutions when it comes to correcting the tonalities of our paintings. It is very easy to identify them in the Oswald’s star since they are placed right in front of each other.
There are two very interesting concepts about the complementary colors:
-The complementary colors placed next to each other are potentiated. This means that if we put a red next to a green, these two colors will look much more powerful than if we put, for example, a green next to a blue ( Green and blue are not complementary colors, but a primary color and its secondary color.)
-The complementary colors superimposed cancel each other out. They are colors that cannot be mixed in a base, except to annul them.
This point is very interesting when it comes to painting as it allows us to correct unwanted tonalities. For example, if our doll is too red, this red could be faded by applying a slight greenish shade on top of it. Obviously, the amount of green color would only be only a little, since the layer of green color we should apply on it should be very translucent. It would have to be a very thin layer. Otherwise we could spoil the entire painting.
Another example would be for example: If our doll had become too yellow, by applying a light layer of a violet color, the yellowish tone would disappear.
With this pattern we can correct all the tonalities we want.
We hope that with this contribution we helped you. We will continue posting entries that might be helpful for you when making your creations. In the next post we will explain the color saturation. This is another fundamental concept when making your own samples of colors.